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Basic Classification Knowledge Of Textile Fabrics

Author: admin / 2022-11-11

Types Of Textile Fabrics

Textile fabric: cotton

Pure cotton fabric has good hygroscopicity, air permeability, soft and comfortable to wear, good warmth retention, excellent performance, bright fabric color, alkali and acid resistance, and can be washed with enzymes to remove hair. Good heat resistance, but poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle, easy to mold, but moth-proof.

Textile fabric: hemp

The hemp fabric has high strength, excellent thermal conductivity and hygroscopicity, and is relatively resistant to acid and alkali. Under a certain tension, it can be treated with caustic soda to produce a mercerizing effect, and the strength and luster are increased. The fabric is anti-moth, good color fastness, excellent air permeability, moisture absorption, fast heat dissipation, and cool wearing. The fabric is three-dimensional and strong, and the style is rough. But the elasticity is poor and easy to wrinkle.

Textile fabric: wool

The wool fabric is mainly wool, the fabric is firm and wear-resistant, light in weight, good in warmth retention, beautiful in color, natural in luster, not easy to fade (stripe dyeing); soft to the touch, elastic; good stiffness, strong hygroscopicity, comfortable to wear .

(1) Goat hair After removing coarse hair and dead hair, it is cashmere, and white cashmere is the most precious. Cashmere has excellent properties such as lightness, softness, fineness, slippery, warmth retention, etc., but it is not resistant to acid, alkali, and heat, and is an extremely precious textile material.

(2) Mohair Also known as Angora goat hair. The fiber length is long, about 120-150mm. It has silk-like smoothness, is not easy to shrink, has excellent elasticity and high strength, and is a silver gun coat woven by mixing white mohair into black wool, which is shiny and unique.

(3) Rabbit hair (25-45mm) has low density, light and thin fibers, soft, smooth, fluffy, good thermal performance, strong hygroscopicity, but its strength is low and spinning is difficult. It is generally blended with wool, and the woven fabric has silver The creamy sheen gives it a refined feel.

(4) Camel hair The fine hair after removing the coarse hair is about 50. It is softer and lustrous than mohair, and has a particularly smooth and waxy hand. It is an extremely precious textile raw material.

(5) Lamb wool: also known as lamb wool, the fine wool taken from the newly born lamb, the capillary, short, soft, fluffy, clean and elastic.

Textile fabric: silk

It is divided into domestic silk (mulberry silk) and wild silk (tussah silk, etc.). The fabric is soft and smooth, elegant and gorgeous; the color is bright and bright; the moisture absorption is good (moisture regain: 11%, moisture absorption rate reaches 30%). However, the light resistance, water resistance and alkali resistance are poor, it is easy to be embrittled and yellowed in sunlight, swell and thicken when exposed to water, it is easy to lose its natural luster after frequent washing, and it is easy to dissolve in the presence of alkali.

Suzhou Junhui Textile Co., Ltd. is a professional textile fabric factory. If you need to know more, you can click to enter the official website to contact us, we are willing to provide more information